Peru is a truly diverse country, with 11 eco regions and 84 of the 117 life zones that exist worldwide. Being one of the world's 10 mega diverse countries, Peru contains natural wonders. Peru has many World Heritage sites which are a must do in one lifetime for sure. Qhapaq Nan (Inca Trail), City of Cusco, Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary, Chavin Archaeological complex, Huascaran National Park, Chan Chan Archaeological Area (the largest citadel made entirely of adobe), Manu National Park, Lima Historic Centre, Abiseo River National Park, Nazca Lines, Arequipa Historic Centre and Caral (The oldest civilization of the Americas) to name some. Heir to both native and European cultures, Peru upholds a wide variety of festivals and traditions that make up its cultural heritage. A never-ending series of festivals such as Inti Raymi (Feast of the Sun) and events throughout the year bring bright colors and flavours to everyday life.
Browsing through the current and modern, cosmopolitan Peru, one cannot but wonder at the diversity of its varied landscape, cuisine, entertainment and art. Stunning scenery and places to experience pleasure and tranquility, unique flora and fauna with its many natural resources truly underscores the tag line... "Peru, Land of Hidden Treasure's." We invite you to travel and discover the Peru that you do not already know.
Peru General Information:
Visa: Peruvian visa is required for entering Peru
Requirements for tourism visa:
1. Valid passport for at least one year.
2. Two DGC-005 forms dully typed/handwritten in block letters with black ink.
3. Recent three coloured passport size (4.3 X 3.5) photographs with white background. (face size between 70% - 80%)
4. Covering Letter dully signed by the applicant.
5. No Objection Certificate from the applicants company indicating the purpose and the time of stay in Peru. ( not applicable for retired, house wife, student, minors.
6. Return ticket for Peru.
7. Day by day detailed Tour Itinerary
8. Hotel reservation in Peru.
9. In case of sponsored trips:
a. Sponsor in Peru or India should present a guarantee letter in which he confirms that he will be responsible to bear all costs of boarding and lodging of the applicant, or repatriation in case of traveller has acquired illegal status.
b. Identification Documents similar to a copy of DNI, Aadhar card, Passport or any national Identification Document
c. Financial proofs of the sponsor like bank Statement, Fix Deposit and any other deposit.
10. A Photocopy of the passport is required at the time of submission.
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The "Nuevo Sol" (S/.) is the official currency of Peru. There are notes of the following denominations: 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 soles. Coins are 10, 20 and 50 cents, as well as 1, 2 and 5 Nuevos Soles.Countless shops, restaurants, hotels and gas stations accept US Dollars. It is possible to exchange currency in banks and currency exchange agencies. There are also “cambistas” street currency exchangers, but the safety of the transaction is not guaranteed. Currency exchange agencies are regularly open from 9:00 am to 6:00 pm, from Monday to Friday, and half day on Saturdays. Most cities in the country have ATMs connected in most cases to Plus (Visa), Cirrus (MasterCard/Maestro), American Express and other networks. You may withdraw Nuevos Soles or US Dollars, although the exchange rates tend to be less favorable.
Characterized by a narrow band of deserts and fertile valleys alongside the Pacific Ocean. The fertile valleys spring from the rivers that flow down from the Andes mountain range itself, as opposed to the lower-lying sierra, and into the sea. The coast has a warm-temperate climate, without extreme heat or cold but with high humidity and dense fog that makes it feel extremely cold in winter. In the summer there is very little fog and temperatures reach 30°C. In the north, the coast is hot almost all year round, with a short rainy period in November and December. The central and southern coast has two distinct seasons, winter (April to October) and summer (November to March).
This is the mountainous region of Peru, where the Andes mountain range dominates the landscape and contains various ecological regions and altitudes. The northern Andes are lower and more humid than the rest, while the central Andes are the tallest and steepest, and it is here where you find the country’s highest peak, Huascarán, at 6,768 meters above sea level. The southern Andes are wider, and are also known as the altiplano, or high Andean plateau. The sierra has two seasons: summer (April to October) with sunny days, cold nights and little rain – this is the perfect time to visit; and winter (November to March), when it rains heavily. During the day, temperatures can reach 24°C, and at night they can fall to -3°C.
Located in the east, this is a vast region of plains covered by vegetation in the Amazon River basin, which begins at the confluence of the Marañón and Ucayali rivers. It is Peru’s largest region, and consists of highland jungle, or ceja de montaña – the mountain’s eyebrows, (over 700 meters above sea level), which is characterized by its cloud forests, and lowland jungle (less than 700 meters above sea level). Like the sierra, the jungle has two distinct seasons. From November to March it rains frequently, while from April to October it is fairly dry, making this the ideal time to visit as the rivers subside and the roads are easily accessible. There is high humidity all year round. Occasionally, between May and August, there are "friajes" or "surazos", cold snaps caused by winds from the extreme south of the continent, during which the temperature can fall to between 8 and 12°C. Information about the weather of the country’s different regions can be found here.
Discover how to get to Peru including routes of entry into the country by land, sea and air. No matter your personal preferences, Peru is sure to be unforgettable.
Access by air:
Peru enjoys a privileged location in the heart of South America, turning International Airport Jorge Chavez (in Lima) into an international hub for tourism and several airlines that reach many destinations in South America.
There are direct and stop-over flights to Lima from the main capitals of the world.
The entry points by land are:
• From Ecuador: Aguas Verdes (Tumbes) via the Panamericana Highway and La Tina (Piura) from the city of Loja (Ecuador).
• From Bolivia: There are two crossings, Desaguadero and Kasani, for travelers coming from La Paz and Copacabana respectively.
• From Chile: Paso the Santa Rosa (Santa Rosa Pass) (Tacna) via the Panamericana Highway
Peru can be accessed by river. The Peruvian city of Iquitos can be accessed via the Amazon river from Leticia (Colombia) and Tabatinga (Brazil).
You can travel from Guaqui (Bolivia) to Puno via lake Titicaca.
Cruises put in mainly at the port of Callao (30 minutes from Lima).
Regardless of the season and the area of Peru you are visiting, it is advisable to carry warm clothes, loose pants, cotton tops, hiking footwear, good sunblock and a hat (to protect you from the sun and the cold).
Don't let your personal belongings out of your sight.
Avoid using unofficial or unmarked taxis during the night.
Avoid exchanging currency in the street or carrying large sums of money. Currency exchange agencies are safe.
In case of altitude sickness, rest well during the first days avoiding physical strain; drink mate with coca leaves or take coca pills.
Drink plenty of fluids, particularly in high altitude zones, using only bottled or previously treated water.
Purchase your food at restaurants, avoiding street food.